第一节 FreeBSD FAQ

问题答案
1、怎么在 VM 虚拟机上安装 FreeBSD(安装文字、视频、图解教程)?①文字 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-san-jie-freebsd-13.0-an-zhuang-ji-yu-vmware-workstation-pro-16open in new window ②视频 https://www.bilibili.com/video/BV14i4y137mh?zwopen in new window ③图解 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-ling-jie-tu-jie-an-zhuangopen in new window ④图解 https://handbook.freebsdcn.org/di-2-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/2.4.-kai-shi-an-zhuangopen in new window
2、怎么安装显卡驱动?①VB虚拟机 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-er-jie-freebsd-an-zhuang-ji-yu-virtual-boxopen in new window ②VM虚拟机 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-san-jie-freebsd-13.0-an-zhuang-ji-yu-vmware-workstation-pro-16open in new window ③物理机 (英特尔核显、AMD\N卡)https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-jiu-jie-wu-li-ji-xia-xian-ka-de-pei-zhiopen in new window
3、支持Wayland?不支持(gnome会卡在GDM、kde5会闪退)
4、怎么安装hald 服务现在不需要这个服务了。https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-si-zhang-zhuo-mian-an-zhuang/di-er-jie-an-zhuang-kde-5open in new window
5、使用什么工具刻录FreeBSD?rufus。不建议用其他软件。其他系统自己 dd
6、硬件支持情况https://bsd-hardware.info/?d=FreeBSDopen in new window 查询
7、选择ZFS 还是UFS内存大于等于 4G 用 ZFS,否则 UFS
8、安装了 KDE 5 桌面进不去,一直闪退检查左下角是不是 X11。wayland 是进不去的。虚拟机看不见左下角的去看问题 2
9、root 登录不进去 KDE5https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-si-zhang-zhuo-mian-an-zhuang/di-liu-jie-root-deng-lu-zhuo-mianopen in new window
10、FreeBSD 找不到 gcc wget……https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-yi-zhang-zou-jin-freebsd/di-ba-jie-linux-yong-hu-qian-yi-zhi-beiopen in new window
11、FreeBSD 怎么安装软件①pkg install xxxx ②cd /usr/ports/XXX && make BATCH=yes install
12、FreeBSD 怎么 安装 mysql/postgresqlhttps://book.freebsdcn.org/di-shi-qi-zhang-wang-luo-fu-wu-qi/di-si-jie-mysql-5.xopen in new windowhttps://book.freebsdcn.org/di-shi-qi-zhang-wang-luo-fu-wu-qi/di-wu-jie-mysql-8.xopen in new windowhttps://book.freebsdcn.org/di-shi-qi-zhang-wang-luo-fu-wu-qi/di-ba-jie-postgresql-yu-pgadmin4open in new window
13、怎么升级系统freebsd-update fetch install
14、什么是苦难哲学https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-shi-jiu-zhang-wen-xue-gu-shi/di-san-jie-linux-yu-ku-nan-zhe-xueopen in new window
15、怎么安装输入法这个问题和你的桌面、shell、用户都有关系。请仔细看书或在群内询问。 ①fcitx https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-wu-zhang-shu-ru-fa-ji-chang-yong-ruan-jian/di-yi-jie-fcitx-shu-ru-fa-kuang-jiaopen in new window ②ibus https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-wu-zhang-shu-ru-fa-ji-chang-yong-ruan-jian/di-er-jie-ibus-shu-ru-fa-kuang-jiaopen in new window ③五笔输入法 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-wu-zhang-shu-ru-fa-ji-chang-yong-ruan-jian/di-san-jie-qi-ta-shu-ru-fa-kuang-jiaopen in new window
16、怎么配置WIFI?先查去 https://bsd-hardware.info/?d=FreeBSDopen in new window 查询看支不支持;如果安装的时候不支持,那就是不支持。 AX200/201之类的目前在测试。预计13.1会支持。 支持的话看https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-shi-si-zhang-wang-luo-guan-li/di-er-jie-wifiopen in new window
17、怎么启动/关闭/重启服务service xxx start、 service xxx stop 、service xxx restart
18、关于FreeBSD的书看 QQ 群 905149943 文件
19、如何使用Linux软件建议构建一个ubuntu 20.04 兼容层(实质上是 jail)①https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-wu-zhang-shu-ru-fa-ji-chang-yong-ruan-jian/di-wu-jie-linux-jian-rong-cengopen in new windowhttps://handbook.freebsdcn.org/di-10-zhang-linux-er-jin-zhi-jian-rong-ceng/10.4.-shi-yong-debootstrap8-gou-jian-debian-ubuntu-ji-ben-xi-tongopen in new windowhttps://wiki.freebsd.org/LinuxJailsopen in new windowhttps://wiki.freebsd.org/LinuxAppsopen in new window
20、怎么安装QQ?https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-wu-zhang-shu-ru-fa-ji-chang-yong-ruan-jian/di-qi-jie-an-zhuang-qqopen in new window
21、vmware 虚拟机屏幕缩放不了去下载群文件的 vmware https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-san-jie-freebsd-13.0-an-zhuang-ji-yu-vmware-workstation-pro-16open in new window
22、有没有中文翻译的、最新的handbook?https://handbook.freebsdcn.org/open in new window
23、在哪下载FreeBSDhttps://freebsd.orgopen in new window
24、我该下载哪个镜像?选择最新的 release 版本,虚拟机选择iso,物理机选择 img 结尾的,别选 bootonly。 https://handbook.freebsdcn.org/di-2-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/2.3.-an-zhuang-qian-de-zhun-bei-gong-zuoopen in new window
25、FreeBSD release current stable 有什么区别?https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-yi-jie-san-zhong-xu-ni-ji-yu-freebsd-ban-ben-bi-jiaoopen in new windowhttps://handbook.freebsdcn.org/di-24-zhang-geng-xin-yu-sheng-ji-freebsd/24.4.-zhui-zong-kai-fa-fen-zhiopen in new window
26、网络不通,ping不通、unkown host输入ifconfig看看有没有网卡,没有去 https://bsd-hardware.info/?d=FreeBSDopen in new window 查一下是不是支持(虚拟机不用看)。支持的话一般问题是没有 DNS。 ①https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-liu-jie-ee-yong-fa-ji-wang-luo-pei-zhiopen in new windowhttps://www.bilibili.com/video/BV14i4y137mh?zwopen in new window
27、root 登录 ssh ?①视频 https://www.bilibili.com/video/BV14i4y137mh?zwopen in new window ②文字 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-qi-jie-chang-yong-ruan-jian-yu-ssh-pei-zhiopen in new window
28、怎么看FreeBSD 有没有一个软件?①pkg -o search xxx ②打开搜索引擎(谷歌或bing) 搜关键词 freebsd xxx ports 一般有这个网站 https://www.freshports.org/open in new window 直接去里面搜就是了,建议加个书签
29、支不支持docker暂不支持。包破损了,有能力者可修复 https://wiki.freebsd.org/Dockeropen in new window
30、FreeBSD 的 C 库文档在哪?群文件有手册
31、怎么捐款?①FreeBSD 基金会:https://freebsdfoundation.org/donate/open in new window(如果因为支付问题无法完成,我们可以代为捐献) ②向我们: 联系道长(@道长)
32、tg群是多少?@freebsdba
33、怎样成为群管理?积极参与社区活动
34、怎么使用手机共享网络给FreeBSD?https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-shi-si-zhang-wang-luo-guan-li/di-san-jie-usb-rndis-usb-wang-luo-gong-xiangopen in new window
35、目前我可以参加哪些社区项目?①完善教程 https://github.com/FreeBSD-Askopen in new window ②翻译文档 handbook 等,请@道长
36、这个列表上没有我的问题?先看书:https://book.freebsdcn.orgopen in new window 看了解决不了再去问
37、怎么换源?https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-san-zhang-ruan-jian-yuan-ji-bao-guan-li-qi/di-er-jie-freebsd-huan-yuan-fang-shiopen in new window
38、我有一个腾讯云服务器,是轻量云,怎么安FreeBSD?https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-si-jie-teng-xun-yun-qing-liang-yun-ji-qi-ta-fu-wu-qi-dd-an-zhuang-freebsdopen in new window
39、用户组信息放在那个文件里?https://handbook.freebsdcn.org/di-3-zhang-freebsd-ji-chu/3.3.-yong-hu-he-ji-ben-zhang-hu-guan-liopen in new window
40、在安装中应该选用哪个镜像站?请不要问这类问题,那是因为你的错误操作导致的。 不要选用带有 bootonly 字样的镜像文件,除非你知道自己在干什么。 https://book.freebsdcn.org/di-er-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/di-ba-jie-wu-li-ji-an-zhuang-yu-ying-jian-xuan-peiopen in new window
41、FreeBSD 中文社区为什么要推广和发展FreeBSD,有何目的?我们致力于: 使用 FreeBSD 发展中国的计算机事业,提高广大人民群众的计算机水平,使中国的计算机水平位列世界前沿。增进人们的精神文化建设,助力中国信息化、现代化建设; 增强以大学生为主体的群体其对开源项目的参与度,促进开源事业在中国乃至于亚洲地区的发展;
42、root mount waiting for usbus 0可以把hw.usb.no_boot_wait=1追加到/boot/loader.conf里,就不会出现这种信息了。
43、DVD、ISO、IMG、BOOonly都有什么区别?https://handbook.freebsdcn.org/di-2-zhang-an-zhuang-freebsd/2.3.-an-zhuang-qian-de-zhun-bei-gong-zuoopen in new window 虚拟机选择iso,(无用还会造成一些错误,比如使用其自带软件安装的gnome无法启动)物理机选择 img 结尾的。无论何时都不应该选择 bootonly,除非云主机安装。